Pt(100)-catalyzed ammonia oxidation studied by DFT: Mechanism and microkinetics
authors Novell-Leruth, G; Ricart, JM; Perez-Ramirez, J
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C
keywords DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY; SELECTIVITY-DIRECTING FACTORS; NITRIC-OXIDE DECOMPOSITION; STEPPED PLATINUM SURFACES; MONTE-CARLO-SIMULATION; NH3 OXIDATION; METHANOL DECOMPOSITION; CATALYTIC-REACTIONS; TEMPORAL ANALYSIS; PRODUCTS REACTOR
abstract Density functional theory simulations were used to study the mechanism of ammonia oxidation over Pt(100). The conversion of NH3 leading to NHx intermediates upon reaction with adsorbed oxygen-containing species and ultimately forming reaction products (NO, N2O, N-2, and H2O), have been systematically computed. The reaction proceeds via an imide mechanism, while classical mechanisms postulating nitroxyl and hydroxylamine as reaction intermediates may be excluded. The barriers of oxidative NH3 dehydrogenation over Pt(100) are drastically decreased with respect to the nonoxidative dehydrogenation, particularly when the number of hydrogen atoms in the NHx fragment is decreased. Ammonia activation and subsequent NHx dehydrogenation steps are greatly favored by O-ads with respect to OHads on Pt(100). This differs from calculations on Pt(111) due to the metal sharing effect and to the lower stability of adsorbed hydroxyl in the latter facet. Nitrogen-containing products are formed by recombination of chemisorbed N with N (N-2) O (NO), and NO (N2O)Water is formed via recombination of adsorbed OH, regenerating an active O. The O-mediated abstraction of the first proton of NH3 is the slowest dehydrogenation step, whereas NO desorption determines the rate of the overall process. Rate coefficients of the elementary steps involved in the mechanism have been calculated, enabling a microkinetic analysis of the reaction. Our simplified model predicts reasonably well the product distribution obtained experimentally at different temperature, time, and NH3/O-2 ratio.
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn 1932-7447
year published 2008
volume 112
issue 35
beginning page 13554
ending page 13562
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/jp802489y
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000258800700043
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