Structural studies of Keggin-type polyoxotungstates by extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy
authors Balula, MSS; Santos, ICMS; Gamelas, JAF; Cavaleiro, AMV; Binsted, N; Schlindwein, W
nationality International
journal EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
author keywords polyoxometalates; Keggin; EXAFS spectroscopy
keywords SUPPORTED TUNGSTEN CATALYSTS; IN-SITU INVESTIGATIONS; HIGH-VALENT MANGANESE; HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE; MOLECULAR MATERIALS; PARTIAL OXIDATION; HETEROPOLY ACIDS; POLYOXOMETALATE COMPLEXES; SELECTIVE OXIDATION
abstract Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) was used to characterize several Keggin-type polyoxotungstates (tetrabutylammonium salts) in the solid state and in acetonitrile solution. The polyoxometalates studied were [PW12O40]3(-) (the parent Keggin anion), [PW11O39](7-) (a lacunary anion), [PW11M(H2O)O-39](4-), M = Fe, Ru, and [XW11MnIII (H2O)O-39](n-), X = P, Si, B (transition-metal-substituted anions). The role of multiple-scattering contributions was evaluated for [PW12O40](3-) for which an accurate structure determination was available. The results from the multiple-scattering analyses were compared with the single-scattering method. The average W-shell inter-atomic distances were determined in relation to a selected tungsten atom (W-c) by W L-III edge transmission analysis. Several shells of up to 3.8-4.0 angstrom were identified. For the anion [PW12O40](3-) the obtained inter-atomic distances in the solid sample and in acetonitrile were identical but for the lacunary anion the EXAFS spectrum of the solid was different from that in solution (the number of atoms coordinated to W, in [PW11O39](7-) was the same in both cases, but the calculated distances for the shells were slightly different). Metal- substituted anions were studied by W L-III edge transmission and by Fe, Mn, or Ru K edge fluorescence analysis. The average coordination sphere of tungsten was affected by the replacement of a W=O by a M-OH2 group. The EXAFS results indicate that on average the MnO6 octahedron is larger than FeO6 or RuO6 and also larger than the average of all WO6 octahedra in [PW11M(H2O)O-39](4-). This was attributed to the occurrence of the Jahn-Teller effect in the coordination sphere of Mn-III. A comparison of the W L-III edge analysis EXAFS data for three Mn-III-substituted anions (X = P, Si, B) suggested that the average size of the W3O13 groups did not depend on X. (c) Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
publisher WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
issn 1434-1948
year published 2007
issue 7
beginning page 1027
ending page 1038
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1002/ejic.200500681
web of science category Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear
subject category Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000244893400013
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