Selective cultures for the isolation of biosurfactant producing bacteria: comparison of environmental inocula and hydrophobic carbon sources
authors Domingues, PM; Louvado, A; Oliveira, V; Coelho, FJCR; Almeida, A; Gomes, NCM; Cunha, A
journal PREPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
author keywords biosurfactants; DGGE; estuarine bacteria; hydrocarbons; selective cultures
keywords SEA-SURFACE MICROLAYER; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS; PSEUDOMONAS-AERUGINOSA; BIOFILM FORMATION; OIL-SPILL; DEGRADING BACTERIUM; BACILLUS-SUBTILIS; CO-METABOLISM; DIESEL OIL; DEGRADATION
abstract The potential of estuarine microniches as reservoirs of biosurfactant-producing bacteria was evaluated by testing different combinations of inocula and hydrophobic carbon sources. Selective cultures using diesel, petroleum, or paraffin as hydrophobic carbon sources were prepared and inoculated with water from the surface microlayer, bulk sediments, and sediment of the rhizosphere of Halimione portulacoides. These inocula were compared regarding the frequency of biosurfactant-producing strains among selected isolates. The community structure of the selective cultures was profiled using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of the 16S rRNA gene fragments at the end of the incubation. The DGGE profiles corresponding to the communities established in selective cultures at the end of the incubation revealed that communities were different in terms of structural diversity. The highest diversity was observed in the selective cultures containing paraffin (H-'=2.5). Isolates were obtained from the selective cultures (66) and tested for biosurfactant production by the atomized oil assay. Biosurfactant production was detected in 17 isolates identified as Microbacterium, Pseudomonas, Rhodococcus, and Serratia. The combination of estuarine surface microlayer (SML) water as inoculum and diesel as carbon source seems promising for the isolation of surfactant-producing bacteria. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology to view the supplemental file.
publisher TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
issn 1082-6068
year published 2013
volume 43
issue 3
beginning page 237
ending page 255
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1080/10826068.2012.719848
web of science category Biochemical Research Methods; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology
subject category Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology
unique article identifier WOS:000321607500001
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