Multifunctional micro-and nanosized metalorganic frameworks assembled from bisphosphonates and lanthanides
authors Vilela, SMF; Ananias, D; Fernandes, JA; Silva, P; Gomes, AC; Silva, NJO; Rodrigues, MO; Tome, JPC; Valente, AA; Ribeiro-Claro, P; Carlos, LD; Rocha, J; Paz, FAA
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY C
keywords METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK; CAMBRIDGE STRUCTURAL DATABASE; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE DETERMINATION; DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY; POWDER DIFFRACTION DATA; COORDINATION POLYMERS; ADSORPTION PROPERTIES; HYDROGEN STORAGE; HYBRID MATERIALS; WATER-MOLECULES
abstract Phase-pure and highly crystalline [Ln(Hpmd)(H2O)] materials [where Ln(3)+ Eu-3+ (1), Gd-3+ (2) and Tb-3+ (3); H(4)pmd 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene) diphosphonic acid] were prepared by using three distinct approaches: (i) conventional hydrothermal synthesis (180 degrees C, 3 days); (ii) microwave-assisted heating (50 W irradiation power, 40 degrees C, 5 seconds; nano-sized aggregates with sizes ranging between 100 and 150 nm); and (iii) ultrasound-assisted synthesis which, for highly diluted reactive mixtures (Ln(3)+ : H4pmd : H2O of 1 : 1 : 7200), permitted the preparation of isolated nano-crystals at ambient temperature with 5 minutes of ultrasonic irradiation. Compounds were structurally characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (Rietveld refinement and variable-temperature studies), thermogravimetry, vibrational spectroscopy, elemental analysis and electron microscopy (SEM andEDS). The magnetic behavior of 1 and 2 was investigated between ambient temperature and ca. 2 K revealing that the Ln(3)+ cations act as isolated centers. A strategy to calculate the vibrational spectra of MOF structures and based on the known embedded-clusters approach is proposed and applied to [ Ln(Hpmd)(H2O)]. This allowed the identification, along with deuteration of the materials, of the vibrational modes of the confined water molecule in the structure. Compound 1 was tested in the methanolysis of styrene oxide at 55 degrees C: it is shown that microcrystalline 1 (1-m) does not possess significant catalytic activity; on the other hand, the nano-sized counterpart (1-n) exhibits relatively high catalytic activity and excellent selectivity to 2-methoxy-2-phenylethanol (100% yield within 48 h of reaction time). Photoluminescence studies both at ambient and low temperatures showed, on the one hand, that bulk materials are composed of a single lanthanide site and, on the other hand, that the organic linker is a suitable sensitizerof Tb-3+ (absolute quantum yield of ca. 14% for 3). It is further demonstrated that the coordinated water molecule has a pivotal role in the quenching of the photoluminescence of Eu-3+ in 1: deuteration of the material results in a ca. 3.4 times improvement of the decay time (e. g., at 300 K the lifetime improves from 0.58 +/- 0.01 ms to 1.98 +/-0.01 ms).
publisher ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
issn 2050-7526
year published 2014
volume 2
issue 17
beginning page 3311
ending page 3327
web of science category Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Physics, Applied
subject category Materials Science; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000334124800028
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journal impact factor 5.976
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