Mixed conductivity, thermochemical expansion and electrochemical activity of Fe-substituted (La,Sr)(Cr,Mg)O3-delta for solid oxide fuel cell anodes
authors Yaremchenko, AA; Kharton, VV; Kolotygin, VA; Patrakeev, MV; Tsipis, EV; Waerenborgh, JC
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES
author keywords Lanthanum chromite; Ionic conductivity; Chemical expansion; Oxygen nonstoichiometry; Electrode polarization; SOFC anode
keywords DOPED LANTHANUM CHROMITES; OXYGEN NONSTOICHIOMETRY; THERMAL-EXPANSION; ELECTRICAL-CONDUCTIVITY; REACTION-MECHANISMS; ELECTRODE MATERIALS; DEFECT CHEMISTRY; COMPOSITE ANODE; SOFC ANODE; TEMPERATURE
abstract The effect of iron substitution in perovskite-type (La0.9Sr0.1)(0.98)Cr0.9-xFexMg0.1O3-delta (x = 0-0.3) is evaluated with emphasis on the properties relevant for solid oxide fuel cell anode application including the phase stability, oxygen nonstoichiometry, mixed ionic-electronic transport, thermochemical expansion and electrochemical activity. Thermogravimetric analysis, Mossbauer spectroscopy and electrical measurements in combination with X-ray diffraction confirm the stability of perovskite phase for x = 0.3 down to p(O-2) as low as 10(-19) atm at 1223 K. Mossbauer spectroscopy results indicate also that iron cations substitute in 3+ oxidation state in both oxidized and reduced material. The total conductivity is predominantly p-type electronic, with negligible contribution of ionic transport under oxidizing conditions. Substitution with iron decreases electronic transport, but also leads to higher oxygen deficiency and ionic conductivity under reducing conditions. The oxygen nonstoichiometry variations, determined by coulometric titration, and defect chemistry of (La0.9Sr0.1)(0.98)Cr0.6Fe0.3Mg0.1O3-delta can be described by non-ideal solution model and site-exclusion effects. The materials exhibit moderate thermal expansion coefficients (10.1-11.5) x 10(-6) K-1 in air, nearly independent of iron content and p(O-2), and favorably small chemical expansion on reduction. Porous (La0.9Sr0.1)(0.98)Cr0.6Fe0.3Mg0.1O3-delta anodes applied onto LaGaO3-based solid electrolyte with thin Ce0.8Gd0.2O2-delta interlayers show a better electrochemical performance compared to (La0.75Sr0.25)(0.95)Cr0.5Mn0.5O3-delta under identical conditions. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0378-7753
year published 2014
volume 249
beginning page 483
ending page 496
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.129
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Electrochemistry; Energy & Fuels; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry; Electrochemistry; Energy & Fuels; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000330256300062

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