Glass structure and crystallization of Al and B containing glasses belonging to the Li2O-SiO2 system
authors Gaddam, A; Fernandes, HR; Ferreira, JMF
nationality International
journal RSC ADVANCES
keywords AMORPHOUS PHASE-SEPARATION; STRUCTURE-PROPERTY RELATIONSHIPS; CRYSTAL NUCLEATION KINETICS; LITHIUM DISILICATE GLASSES; SI-29 NMR-SPECTROSCOPY; HIGH-RESOLUTION AL-27; BOROSILICATE GLASSES; SILICATE-GLASSES; BAO-SIO2 GLASSES; MAS-NMR
abstract The aim of the present work is to investigate the effect of substituting B2O3 for Al2O3 in a nonstoichiometric lithium disilicate (Li2Si2O5, LS2) glass composition belonging to the system Li2O-K2O-Al2O3-SiO2. Addition of equimolar amounts of K2O and Al2O3 to binary lithium silicate glass compositions improves chemical resistance, sintering behaviour and mechanical properties of the glassceramics produced from sintered glass powder compacts. However, in bulk (monolithic) glasses Al2O3 addition hinders bulk nucleation. It also suppresses crystallization of LS2 and promotes formation of a meta-stable crystalline phase called lithium metasilicate (Li2SiO3, LS). The results showed that B substitution resulted in the depolymerisation of the glass network increasing the percentage of NBOs leading to decreasing viscosity, molar volumes, oxygen densities and glass transition temperatures. The simultaneous addition of Al and B into the glass composition resulted in decreased liquid-liquid phase segregation (LLPS) and lower crystal nucleation tendency when compared to Al pure or B pure compositions. Further, Al rich glasses featured lithium metasilicate crystallization at initial stages and then transformed into LS2 at higher temperatures, while with B addition glasses crystallize directly into LS2.
publisher ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
issn 2046-2069
year published 2015
volume 5
issue 51
beginning page 41066
ending page 41078
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1039/c5ra04184h
web of science category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000354212300071
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