Effect of Ni doping on structural and optical properties of Zn1-xNixO nanopowder synthesized via low cost sono-chemical method
authors Singh, B; Kaushal, A; Bdikin, I; Saravanan, KV; Ferreira, JMF
nationality International
journal MATERIALS RESEARCH BULLETIN
author keywords Semiconductors; Chemical synthesis; Raman spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; Optical properties
keywords DOPED ZNO NANOPARTICLES; NANOCOMPOSITE THIN-FILMS; SPRAY-PYROLYSIS; SONOCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS; ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES; DIELECTRIC-PROPERTIES; ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE; NANOSTRUCTURES; TRANSPARENT; NANORODS
abstract Zn1-xNixO nanopowders with different Ni contents of x = 0.0, 0.04 and 0.08 were synthesized via cost effective sonochemical reaction method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern reveals pure wurtzite phase of prepared nanostructures with no additional impurity peaks. The morphology and dimensions of nanoparticles were investigated using scanning electron microscope (SEM). A sharp and strong peak for first order optical mode for wurtzite zinc oxide (ZnO) structure was observed at similar to 438 cm(-1) in Raman spectra. The calculated optical band gap (E-g) from UV-vis transmission data was found to decrease with increase in Ni content. The observed red shift in E-g with increasing Ni content in ZnO nanopowders were in agreement with band gap behaviours found in their photoluminescence (PL) spectra. The synthesised ZnO nanopowders with controlled band gap on Ni doping reveals their potential for use in various electronic and optical device applications. The results were discussed in detail. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
issn 0025-5408
year published 2015
volume 70
beginning page 430
ending page 435
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.materresbull.2015.05.009
web of science category Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000359873700067
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journal impact factor 4.019
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