Aqueous biphasic systems composed of ionic liquids and polypropylene glycol: insights into their liquid-liquid demixing mechanisms
authors Neves, CMSS; Shahriari, S; Lemus, J; Pereira, JFB; Freire, MG; Coutinho, JAP
nationality International
journal PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS
keywords PLUS POLY(ETHYLENE GLYCOL); POLYETHYLENE-GLYCOL; 2-PHASE SYSTEMS; SALTING-OUT; POLY(PROPYLENE GLYCOL); PHASE-SEPARATION; BINARY-MIXTURES; EXTRACTION; WATER; PROTEINS
abstract Novel ternary phase diagrams of aqueous biphasic systems (ABSs) composed of polypropylene glycol with an average molecular weight of 400 g mol(-1) (PPG-400) and a vast number of ionic liquids (ILs) were determined. The large array of selected ILs allowed us to evaluate their tuneable structural features, namely the effect of the anion nature, cation core and cation alkyl side chain length on the phase behaviour. Additional evidence on the molecular-level mechanisms which rule the phase splitting was obtained by H-1 NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) spectroscopy and by COSMO-RS (Conductor-like Screening Model for Real Solvents). Some systems, for which the IL-PPG-400 pairs are completely miscible, revealed to be of type "0''. All data collected suggest that the formation of PPG-IL-based ABSs is controlled by the interactions established between the IL and PPG, contrarily to previous reports where a "salting-out'' phenomenon exerted by the IL over the polymer in aqueous media was proposed as the dominant effect in ABS formation. The influence of temperature on the liquid-liquid demixing was also evaluated. In general, an increase in temperature favours the formation of an ABS in agreement with the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) phase behaviour usually observed in polymer-IL binary mixtures. Partition results of a dye (chloroanilic acid, in its neutral form) further confirm the possibility of tailoring the phases' polarities of IL-PPG-based ABSs.
publisher ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
issn 1463-9076
year published 2016
volume 18
issue 30
beginning page 20571
ending page 20582
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1039/c6cp04023c
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
subject category Chemistry; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000381428600061
  ciceco authors
  impact metrics
times cited (wos core): 8
journal impact factor (jcr 2016): 4.123
5 year journal impact factor (jcr 2016): 4.242
category normalized journal impact factor percentile (jcr 2016): 79.212
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