Measurement and modeling of supercritical fluid extraction curves of Eichhornia crassipes for enhanced stigmasterol production: Mechanistic insights of the process
authors de Melo, MMR; Martins, PF; Silvestre, AJD; Sarmento, P; Silva, CM
nationality International
journal SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
author keywords Broken plus intact cells model; Eichhornia crassipes; Kinetics; Modeling; Selectivity; Stigmasterol; Supercritical fluid extraction
keywords EUCALYPTUS-GLOBULUS BARK; RESPONSE-SURFACE METHODOLOGY; CARBON-DIOXIDE; WATER HYACINTH; OPERATING-CONDITIONS; EXPERIMENTAL-DESIGN; TRITERPENIC ACIDS; MATHEMATICAL-MODEL; ESSENTIAL OIL; SEED OIL
abstract SFE curves of Eichhornia crassipes are measured for different pressure (200, 250, and 300 bar), ethanol content (0 and 5 wt.%), and CO2 flow rate (5.0, 7.5 and 10.0 g min(-1)) conditions, and studied in terms of total (eta(total)) and stigmasterol (eta(stigm)) extraction yields. Ethanol addition was able to increase total yield up to 60% within the 6 h of extraction, reaching up to eta(total) = 1.25 (wt.%). For stigmasterol uptake, two yield plateaus were observed within the six runs: one at eta(stigm) = 0.17 (wt.%) for 0.0 (wt.%) ethanol and the other at 0.23 (wt.%) for 5.0 (wt.%) ethanol, which suggests that the attainable practical amount of extractives depends on whether cosolvent is used or not. Simplified modeling disclosed that both intra-particle diffusion and film diffusion may be present in the SFE process. On the other hand, the broken plus intact cells (BIC) model of Sovova allowed to fit experimental data with deviations of 4.20% for eta(total) and 4.02% for eta(stigm) and to get instructive insights on the process. In fact, BIC model evidenced the existence of a selectivity advantage favorable to stigmasterol that is driven by kinetics rather than by solubility, which is corroborated by the fact that shorter extraction periods were noticed in stigmasterol yield curves than in the global extract yield curves. In the whole, these results and insights support the realization of scale-up assays and provide a contribution for the valorization of water hyacinth through a green process devoted to the production of stigmasterol enriched extracts. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 1383-5866
year published 2016
volume 163
beginning page 189
ending page 198
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.seppur.2016.02.038
web of science category Engineering, Chemical
subject category Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000374076700023
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