Three-dimensional printed PCL-hydroxyapatite scaffolds filled with CNTs for bone cell growth stimulation
authors Goncalves, EM; Oliveira, FJ; Silva, RF; Neto, MA; Fernandes, MH; Amaral, M; Vallet-Regi, M; Vila, M
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH PART B-APPLIED BIOMATERIALS
author keywords functional composites; nano composites; electrical properties; mechanical properties; 3D printing
keywords OF-THE-ART; SILICON-SUBSTITUTED HYDROXYAPATITE; POLYCAPROLACTONE COMPOSITES; CARBON NANOTUBES; TISSUE; BIOMATERIALS; FABRICATION; STABILITY; BEHAVIOR
abstract A three-phase [nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (HA), carbon nanotubes (CNT), mixed in a polymeric matrix of polycaprolactone (PCL)] composite scaffold produced by 3D printing is presented. The CNT content varied between 0 and 10 wt % in a 50 wt % PCL matrix, with HA being the balance. With the combination of three well-known materials, these scaffolds aimed at bringing together the properties of all into a unique material to be used in tissue engineering as support for cell growth. The 3D printing technique allows producing composite scaffolds having an interconnected network of square pores in the range of 450-700 m. The 2 wt % CNT scaffold offers the best combination of mechanical behaviour and electrical conductivity. Its compressive strength of approximate to 4 MPa is compatible with the trabecular bone. The composites show typical hydroxyapatite bioactivity, good cell adhesion and spreading at the scaffolds surface, this combination of properties indicating that the produced 3D, three-phase, scaffolds are promising materials in the field of bone regenerative medicine. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 104B: 1210-1219, 2016.
publisher WILEY-BLACKWELL
issn 1552-4973
year published 2016
volume 104
issue 6
beginning page 1210
ending page 1219
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1002/jbm.b.33432
web of science category Engineering, Biomedical; Materials Science, Biomaterials
subject category Engineering; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000380032300018
  ciceco authors
  impact metrics
times cited (wos core): 12
journal impact factor (jcr 2016): 3.189
5 year journal impact factor (jcr 2016): 3.039
category normalized journal impact factor percentile (jcr 2016): 66.017
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