Muonium states in Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell material
authors Alberto, HV; Vila, RC; Gil, JM; Duarte, JP; Vieira, RBL; Weidinger, A; Leitao, JP; da Cunha, AF; Sousa, MG; Teixeira, JP; Fernandes, PA; Salome, PMP; Timmo, K; Loorits, M; Amato, A; Luetkens, H; Prokscha, T; Suter, A; Salman, Z
editors Salman, Z; Amato, A; Luetkens, H; Morenzoni, E
nationality International
journal 13TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MUON SPIN ROTATION, RELAXATION AND RESONANCE
keywords HYDROGEN; OXIDE; PSI
abstract We investigated bulk and thin-film samples of the quaternary p-type semiconductor Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) by,u,SR, in order to characterize the existing muonium signals. We find that the majority of the implanted muons form a diamagnetic state broadened by an interaction with the Cu nuclear moments, which we interpret as Mu(+) bound to sulphur. A paramagnetic fraction is also present at low temperatures and the ratio between the two muon charge states, Mu(+) and Mu(0), varies between 20 and 40% prior to the onset of muon diffusion, which occurs at around 150 K. The fraction of Mu(0) is found to be sensitive to the defect content of the sample. The paramagnetic fraction has two different contributions and their origin is discussed and related with the muon role as a probe for charge carriers in the material.
publisher IOP PUBLISHING LTD
issn 1742-6588
year published 2014
volume 551
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1088/1742-6596/551/1/012045
web of science category Physics, Applied; Physics, Multidisciplinary
subject category Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000347715800045
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