The effect of phase assemblages, grain boundaries and domain structure on the local switching behavior of rare-earth modified bismuth ferrite ceramics
authors Alikin, DO; Turygin, AP; Walker, J; Bencan, A; Malic, B; Rojac, T; Shur, VY; Kholkin, AL
nationality International
journal ACTA MATERIALIA
author keywords Piezoceramics; Bismuth ferrite; Phase assemblage; Domain structure; Local switching; Domain kinetics; Topological defects
keywords PIEZORESPONSE FORCE MICROSCOPY; FERROELECTRIC THIN-FILMS; ELECTRIC-FIELD; WALL MOTION; BIFEO3; SIZE; MULTIFERROICS; TRANSITIONS; MECHANISMS; NANOSCALE
abstract Piezoelectric properties and ferroelectric/ferroelastic domain switching behavior of polycrystalline ceramics are strongly influenced by local scale (i.e. <100 nm) phenomena, such as, the phase assemblages, domain structure, and defects. The method of ceramic synthesis strongly effects the local properties and thus plays a critical role in determining the macroscopic ferroelectric and piezoelectric performance. The link between synthesis and local scale properties of ferroelectrics is, however, rarely reported, especially for the emerging lead-free materials systems. In this work, we focus on samarium modified bismuth ferrite ceramics (Bi0.88Sm0.12FeO3, BSFO) prepared by two methods: standard solid state reaction (SSR) and mechanochemically assisted synthesis (MAS). Each ceramic possesses different properties at the local scale and we used the piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) complemented by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to evaluate phase distribution, domain structure and polarization switching to show that an increase in the anti-polar phase assemblages within the polar matrix leads to notable changes in the local polarization switching. SSR ceramics exhibit larger internal bias fields relative to the MAS ceramics, and the grain boundaries produce a stronger effect on the local switching response. MAS ceramics were able to nucleate domains at lower electric-fields and grow them at faster rates, reaching larger final domain sizes than the SSR ceramics. Local evidence of the electric-field induced phase transition from the anti-ferroelectric Pbam to ferroelectric R3c phase was observed together with likely evidence of the existence of head-to-head/tail-to-tail charged domain walls and domain vortex core structures. By comparing the domain structure and local switching behavior of ceramics prepared by two different methods this work brings new insights the synthesis-structure-property relationship in lead-free piezoceramics. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
issn 1359-6454
isbn 1873-2453
year published 2017
volume 125
beginning page 265
ending page 273
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.11.063
web of science category Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
subject category Materials Science; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000394201500026
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journal impact factor 7.656
5 year journal impact factor 7.826
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