Cadmium intake in women from the University of Aveiro, Portugal - A duplicate diet study
authors Coelho, SD; Maricoto, T; Pastorinho, MR; Itai, T; Isobe, T; Kunisue, T; Tanabe, S; Sousa, ACA; Nogueira, AJA
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF GEOCHEMICAL EXPLORATION
author keywords Cadmium; Diet; Women exposure; Portugal
keywords POSTMENOPAUSAL BREAST-CANCER; ACADEMIC COMMUNITY; ADULT-POPULATION; RISK; EXPOSURE; ESTROGEN; CHILDREN; SAMPLES; METALS; LEAD
abstract Cadmium (Cd) is a non-essential metal widespread in the environment, to which humans are exposed through different routes, being food consumption the most important one. It is considered an endocrine disruptor that is associated with estrogen-dependent diseases with women being particularly susceptible. In order to assess the exposure to this metal through diet intake in premenopausal women, levels of Cd were quantified in 7-days duplicate diet samples provided by 23 women working or studying at University of Aveiro, Portugal. Cd was detected in all analyzed samples with concentrations ranging between 0.007 and 0.21 mu g g(-1) ww (median: 0.009 mu g g(-1) ww). The estimated dietary weekly intakes varied from 1.4 to 48 mu g kg-bw(-1) week(-1) (median: 2.3 mu g kg-bw(-1) week(-1)), and 35% of the participants exhibited dietary intakes of Cd higher than the tolerable weekly intake (2.5 mu g kg-bw(-1) week(-1)) set for this metal which suggest health risks for these women. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0375-6742
year published 2017
volume 183
beginning page 187
ending page 190
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.gexplo.2017.02.003
web of science category Geochemistry & Geophysics
subject category Geochemistry & Geophysics
unique article identifier WOS:000416713700006
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