Pioneering Use of Ionic Liquid-Based Aqueous Biphasic Systems as Membrane-Free Batteries
authors Navalpotro, P; Neves, CMSS; Palma, J; Freire, MG; Coutinho, JAP; Marcilla, R
nationality International
journal ADVANCED SCIENCE
author keywords aqueous biphasic systems; aqueous immiscible electrolytes; membrane-free batteries; organic redox molecules
keywords HYDROGEN-BOND ACIDITY; REDOX FLOW BATTERY; PHASE-DIAGRAMS; EXTRACTION; SEPARATION; ENERGY; STORAGE; SCALE; BOOST
abstract Aqueous biphasic systems (ABS) formed by water, ionic liquids (ILs), and salts, in which the two phases are water rich, are demonstrated here to act as potential membrane-free batteries. This concept is feasible due to the selective enrichment of redox organic molecules in each aqueous phase of ABS, which spontaneously form two liquid-phases above given concentrations of salt and IL. Therefore, the required separation of electrolytes in the battery is not driven by an expensive membrane that hampers mass transfer, but instead, by the intrinsic immiscibility of the two liquid phases. Moreover, the crosscontamination typically occurring through the ineffective membranes is determined by the partition coefficients of the active molecules between the two phases. The phase diagrams of a series of IL-based ABS are characterized, the partition coefficients of several redox organic molecules are determined, and the electrochemistry of these redox-active immiscible phases is evaluated, allowing appraisal of the battery performance. Several redox ABS that may be used in total aqueous membrane-free batteries with theoretical battery voltages as high as 1.6 V are identified. The viability of a membrane-free battery composed of an IL-based ABS containing methyl viologen and 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy as active species is demonstrated.
publisher WILEY
issn 2198-3844
year published 2018
volume 5
issue 10
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1002/advs.201800576
web of science category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000447632000016
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journal analysis (jcr 2017):
journal impact factor 12.441
5 year journal impact factor 12.515
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 92.916
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