Structural features of spent coffee grounds water-soluble polysaccharides: Towards tailor-made microwave assisted extractions
authors Passos, CP; Rudnitskaya, A; Neves, JMMGC; Lopes, GR; Evtuguin, DV; Coimbra, MA
nationality International
journal CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS
author keywords Coffee residue; Arabinogalactans; Galactomannans; Polysaccharides; Methylation analysis; Response surface methodology
keywords CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION; SUPERHEATED WATER; MOLECULAR-WEIGHT; IMMUNOSTIMULATORY PROPERTIES; HYDROTHERMAL EXTRACTION; HOT-WATER; GALACTOMANNANS; GREEN
abstract This work studies the microwave-assisted extraction conditions for recovery of polysaccharides from spent coffee grounds, including their effect on arabinogalactans and galactomannans polymerization and branching structural features. Temperature (140, 170, and 200 degrees C) has the most significant impact on total extracted mass (eta(total) (soluble) (solids)) and sugars yield (eta(sugars)), arabinogalactans (eta(AG)) and galactomannans (eta(GM)), and polysaccharide mass ratio (eta(AG)/eta(GM)). Time (2, 5, and 10 min) and alkali (diluted 0.1 M NaOH) treatments have less influence. Alkali treatment and shorter time (2 min) provided a protective effect against polysaccharides degradation. At 170 degrees C, the yield of arabinogalactans was found to be significantly higher than that of galactomannans (eta(AG)/eta(GM) > 1). Increasing temperature to 200 degrees C leads to decrease the polymerization of polysaccharides, promoting the formation of debranched polysaccharides and oligosaccharides. This study shows that the optimum conditions for polysaccharides extraction cannot be selected only by mass yield but need to be defined according to the desired structural features for the specific applications.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0144-8617
year published 2019
volume 214
beginning page 53
ending page 61
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.02.094
web of science category Chemistry, Applied; Chemistry, Organic; Polymer Science
subject category Chemistry; Polymer Science
unique article identifier WOS:000462586900007
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journal analysis (jcr 2017):
journal impact factor 5.158
5 year journal impact factor 5.326
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 93.599
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