Marine vs freshwater microalgae exopolymers as biosolutions to microplastics pollution
authors Cunha, C; Faria, M; Nogueira, N; Ferreira, A; Cordeiro, N
nationality International
journal ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
author keywords Microalgae; Exopolymers (EPS); Microplastics; Hetero-aggregates; Biosolution
keywords TETRASELMIS-SUECICA; COLONIAL MORPHOLOGY; EPS CONTENT; GROWTH; REMOVAL; EXOPOLYSACCHARIDES; CYANOBACTERIUM; PHYTOPLANKTON; MICROCYSTIS; INHIBITION
abstract Microalgae can excrete exopolymer substances (EPS) with a potential to form hetero-aggregates with microplastic particles. In this work, two freshwater (Microcystis panniformis and Scenedesmus sp.) and two marine (Tetraselmis sp. and Gloeocapsa sp.) EPS producing microalgae were exposed to different microplastics. In this study, the influence of the microplastic particles type, size and density in the production of EPS and hetero-aggregates potential was studied. Most microalgae contaminated with microplastics displayed a cell abundance decrease (of up to 42%) in the cultures. The results showed that the formed aggregates were composed of microalgae and EPS (homo-aggregates) or a combination of microalgae, EPS and microplastics (hetero-aggregates). The hetero-aggregation was dependent on the size and yield production of EPS, which was species specific. Microcystis panniformis and Scenedesmus sp. exhibited small EPS, with a higher propension to disaggregate, and consequently lower capabilities to aggregate microplastics. Tetraselmis sp. displayed a higher ability to aggregate both low and high-density microplastics, being partially limited by the size of the microplastics. Gloeocapsa sp. had an outstanding EPS production and presented excellent microplastic aggregation capabilities (adhered onto the surface and also incorporated into the EPS). The results highlight the potential of microalgae to produce EPS and flocculate microplastics, contributing to their vertical transport and consequent deposition. Thus, this work shows the potential of microalgae as biocompatible solutions to water microplastics treatment. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0269-7491
isbn 1873-6424
year published 2019
volume 249
beginning page 372
ending page 380
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.03.046
web of science category Environmental Sciences
subject category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
unique article identifier WOS:000471081300041
  ciceco authors
  impact metrics
journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 6.792
5 year journal impact factor 6.939
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 92.264
dimensions (citation analysis):
altmetrics (social interaction):



 


Sponsors

1suponsers_list_ciceco.jpg