A structural, morphological, linear, and nonlinear optical spectroscopic studies of nanostructured Al-doped ZnO thin films: An effect of Al concentrations
authors Arif, M; Shkir, M; AlFaify, S; Ganesh, V; Sanger, A; Algarni, H; Vilarinho, PM; Singh, A
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH
author keywords ZnO; AZO thin film; X-ray diffraction; EDX; SEM; optical properties; nonlinear properties
keywords ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE; REFRACTIVE-INDEX; GROWTH; DYE; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; TEMPERATURE; RAMAN
abstract Sol-gel spin coating is applied to fabricate the pure and different concentrations of aluminum (Al)-doped ZnO films on high-quality silicon substrates. All films are showing high crystallinity in X-ray diffraction study, and lattice constants were obtained using PowderX software. The value of crystallite size was found in range of 20-40 nm. EDX/SEM mapping was performed for 2 wt% Al-doped ZnO film, which shows the presence of Al and its homogeneous distribution in the film. SEM investigation shows nanorods morphology all over the surface of films, and the dimension of nanorods is found to increase with Al doping. The E-(g)dire. values were estimate in range of 3.25-3.29 eV for all films. Linear refractive index was found in range of 1.5-2.75. The chi(1) value is found in range of 0.13-1.4 for all films. The chi(3) values are found in range of 0.0053 x 10(-10) to 6.24 x 10(-10) esu for pure and doped films. The n(2) values were also estimated. These studies clearly showed that the properties of ZnO have been enriched by Al doping, and hence doped films are more appropriate for optoelectronic applications.
publisher CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
issn 0884-2914
isbn 2044-5326
year published 2019
volume 34
issue 8
beginning page 1309
ending page 1317
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1557/jmr.2018.506
web of science category Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000466363600003
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journal impact factor 2.502
5 year journal impact factor 2.251
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