Desulfurization of diesel by extraction coupled with Mo-catalyzed sulfoxidation in polyethylene glycol-based deep eutectic solvents
authors Juliao, D; Gomes, AC; Pillinger, M; Lopes, AD; Valenca, R; Ribeiro, JC; Goncalves, IS; Balula, SS
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS
author keywords Deep eutectic solvents; Oxidative desulfurization; Extraction; Hydrogen peroxide; Dioxomolybdenum(VI) catalysts; Diesel
keywords OXIDATIVE DESULFURIZATION; OLEFIN EPOXIDATION; IONIC LIQUIDS; FUELS; GREEN; COMPLEXES; MODEL; DESS
abstract Oxidative desulfurization (ODS) is a method of removing sulfur from diesel fuel that has the potential to complement or even replace conventional hydrodesulfurization processes in oil refineries. One of the most promising variants of ODS is extractive and catalytic ODS (ECODS) in which the organic sulfur compounds in the liquid fuel are oxidized and extracted in situ from the oil phase into an extractant phase. In this study, the desulfurizalion of model and real diesel fuel has been performed in ECODS systems employing two different types of deep eutectic solvents (DESs), prepared by combining polyethylene glycol (PEG) as hydrogen bond donor with tetrabutylammonium chloride (TBACl) or choline chloride (ChCl) as hydrogen bond acceptor. The ECODS systems were evaluated with the complexes [MoO2Cl2(DMB)(2)] (1) and [MoO2Cl2(DEO)] (2) (DMB - N,N-dimethylbenzamide, DEO = N,N'-diethyloxamide) as catalysts and 30 wt% H2O2 as oxidant. The effects of different reaction conditions, such as the amount of catalyst, H2O2 and DES, and reaction temperature, were investigated. The combination of complex 1 with the DES ChCl/PEG showed the best performance for the removal of dibenzothiophene, 4-methyldibenzothiophene and 4,6-di methyldibenzothiophene from a high-sulfur (3000 ppm) model diesel, allowing a desulfurization efficiency of 99.6% to be attained at 70 degrees C within 2 h. By applying the optimized model diesel ECODS systems to the treatment of a commercial untreated diesel with a sulfur content of 2300 ppm. 82% of sulfur compounds could be eliminated. These promising results indicate that DESs are a viable alternative to ionic liquids as extraction solvents in ECODS processes. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER
issn 0167-7322
isbn 1873-3166
year published 2020
volume 309
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.molliq.2020.113093
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
subject category Chemistry; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000544211600058
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journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 5.065
5 year journal impact factor 4.766
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 81.277
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