Effective decoloration of cationic dyes by silica gel prepared from Tunisian sands and TiO2/silica gel composites: dual adsorption and photocatalytic processes
authors Lazaar, K; Hajjaji, W; Pullar, RC; Chargui, H; Moussi, B; Labrincha, J; Rocha, F; Jamoussi, F
nationality International
journal DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT
author keywords Silica gel; Titania; Cationic dye; Adsorption; Photocatalysis
keywords AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS; HETEROGENEOUS PHOTOCATALYSIS; TEXTILE DYE; REMOVAL; DEGRADATION; PHOTODEGRADATION; KINETICS; MATRIX; CARBON; WATER
abstract Silica gels synthesized from Tunisian sands employed as alternative low-cost adsorbents, and silica gel/TiO2 composites for combined absorption/photocatalytic decoloration of methylene blue (MB) dye solutions, were studied. The silica gel is characterized by a high specific surface area of up to 194 m(2)/g and is likely to increase in aqueous solution, according to the solid/liquid ratio which modulates the degree of hydration. This was determined at various synthesis pH values. For this silica gel, the maximum adsorption capacity (up to 91%, 125 mg/g) was obtained in acidic medium (pH 3). The adsorption mechanism fitted better using the Langmuir model, and the adsorption kinetics of the dye on these materials was well described by the second-order model. Silica gel/TiO2 demonstrated an effective degradation of MB the first stage (30 min without UV-light exposure) and under UV. The kinetics of discoloration of MB followed a pseudo-first-order rate law. We can remark that 5 h of UV irradiation was enough to achieve 99% discoloration of the MB. The findings demonstrated the applicability of this silica gel/TiO2 catalyst for the photocatalytic oxidation of MB.
publisher DESALINATION PUBL
issn 1944-3994
year published 2020
volume 179
beginning page 368
ending page 377
digital object identifier (doi) 10.5004/dwt.2020.25026
web of science category Engineering, Chemical; Water Resources
subject category Engineering; Water Resources
unique article identifier WOS:000545000400034
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