Facile Heterogeneously Catalyzed Nitrogen Fixation by MXenes
authors Gouveia, JD; Morales-Garcia, A; Vines, F; Gomes, JRB; Illas, F
nationality International
journal ACS CATALYSIS
author keywords 2D materials; adsorption; ammonia synthesis; clean MXenes; density functional theory; metal carbides and nitrides; microkinetic modeling
keywords GAS SHIFT REACTION; AMMONIA-SYNTHESIS; CARBIDE MXENE; SURFACE; IRON; MICROKINETICS; SIMULATIONS; ADSORPTION; STABILITY
abstract The rate-limiting step for ammonia (NH3) production via the Haber-Bosch process is the dissociation of molecular nitrogen (N-2), which requires quite harsh working conditions, even when using appropriate heterogeneous catalysts. Here, motivated by the demonstrated enhanced chemical activity of MXenes- a class of two-dimensional inorganic materials- toward the adsorption of quite stable molecules such as CO2 and H2O, we use density functional theory including dispersion, to investigate the suitability of such MXene materials to catalyze N-2 dissociation. Results show that MXenes exothermically adsorb N-2 with rather large adsorption energies ranging from -1.11 to -3.45 eV and elongation of the N-2 bond length by similar to 20%, greatly facilitating their dissociation with energy barriers below 1 eV, reaching 0.28 eV in the most favorable studied case of W2N. Microkinetic simulations indicate that the first hydrogenation of adsorbed atomic nitrogen is feasible at low pressures and moderate temperatures, and that the production of NH3 may occur above 800 K on most studied MXenes, in particular, in W2N. These results reinforce the promising capabilities of MXenes to dissociate nitrogen and suggest combining them co-catalytically with Ru nanoparticles to further improve the efficiency of ammonia synthesis.
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn 2155-5435
year published 2020
volume 10
issue 9
beginning page 5049
ending page 5056
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/acscatal.0c00935
web of science category Chemistry, Physical
subject category Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000530090800023
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journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 12.35
5 year journal impact factor 12.741
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