Numidian clay deposits as raw material for ceramics tile manufacturing
authors Moussi, B; Hajjaji, W; Hachani, M; Hatira, N; Labrincha, JA; Yans, J; Jamoussi, F
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF AFRICAN EARTH SCIENCES
author keywords Clays; Tabarka; Sejnane; Ceramic tiles; Technological parameters; Tunisia
keywords NORTHERN TUNISIA; NORTHWESTERN TUNISIA; TECTONIC EVOLUTION; FIRING BEHAVIOR; TRIASSIC CLAYS; POTENTIAL USE; NAPPE ZONE; CARBONATE; GENESIS; AREA
abstract We investigate the potential use in traditional ceramics of several clays collected in the Numidian Flysch Formation (Upper Oligocene) at Tabarka, and Sejnane; Northern part of Tunisia). The valorisation of these adopts the technique of dry process, which requires a mixture of powdered clay with 7% water. This allows rapid drying of uncooked files. The files are fired at four different temperatures (1000 degrees C, 1050 degrees C, 1100 degrees C and 1150 degrees C) in order to optimize technological parameters such as shrinkage, water absorption and flexural strength. The obtained files show acceptable drying and firing shrinkage (not exceeding 3%), and bending strength (between 13 and 16 N/mm(2)) which are close to the required standards (EN ISO 10545-4, 15N/mm(2) for wall files). The absorption ranges from 10 to 20%, which classifies these products in group BIII according to the international standards (ISO 13006 and EN ISO 10545-3). Variation of shrinkage and water absorption with the firing temperature reveals that optimal range is 1125-1150 degrees C for the Tabarka samples, whereas the Sejnane products might be fired at lower values (similar to 1025 degrees C). The Tabarka fired pieces exhibit strong brightness. These results suggest that these latter clays could be used for white products such as sanitary ware formulations while those from Sejnane ones are more appropriated for colored (red) applications. The X-ray diffraction on the fired files powders shows the formation of quartz which is initially present in the crude clays, and mullite that is present at all firing temperatures. Moreover, the presence of mullite due to the richness of Al2O3 in Tabarka clays could support their refractory properties.
publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
issn 1464-343X
year published 2020
volume 164
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2020.103775
web of science category Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
subject category Geology
unique article identifier WOS:000526109500011
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journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 1.603
5 year journal impact factor 1.87
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 32.25
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