Spark plasma texturing: A strategy to enhance the electro-mechanical properties of lead-free potassium sodium niobate ceramics
authors Pinho, R; Tkach, A; Zlotnik, S; Costa, ME; Noudem, J; Reaney, IM; Vilarinho, PM
nationality International
journal APPLIED MATERIALS TODAY
author keywords Potassium sodium niobate; KNN; Spark plasma sintering; Spark plasma texturing; Lead free piezoelectrics
keywords FREE PIEZOELECTRIC CERAMICS; SINGLE-CRYSTALS; CA3CO4O9; FIELD
abstract Controlling the sintering and microstructure of lead-free potassium sodium niobate ((K1-xNax)NbO3, KNN) ceramics is of primary importance to optimize its piezoelectric / ferroelectric properties. However, sintering dense and monophasic KNN remains a challenge. Here, we prepare KNN ceramics using spark plasma texturing (SPT), a modified spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique, in which uniaxial pressure is applied in an edge-free configuration, allowing ceramics to deform in the radial direction. Densification at low temperatures (1000 degrees C) and for short times (20 min) is achieved by SPT accompanied by constrained grain growth (average grain size =1.4 mu m), resulting in enhanced piezoelectric properties (d(33) =108 pC N-1 and g(33) = 21.2 x 10(-3) Vm N-1). In addition, and of relevance, SPT KNN ceramics reveal a more homogeneous electrical microstructure postulated to be related with a reduced diffusion and local segregation of defects, resulting in grain cores and shells with more similar capacitances and conductivities. Our work brings new practical understanding to sintering of KNN and demonstrates the potential of alternative densification strategies for improved lead-free dielectrics. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER
issn 2352-9407
year published 2020
volume 19
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.apmt.2020.100566
web of science category Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000548712700004
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journal impact factor 8.352
5 year journal impact factor 8.383
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 89.331
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