Electrical assessment of brownmillerite-type calcium ferrite materials obtained by proteic sol-gel route and by solid-state reaction using mollusk shells
authors Chrystian G.M. Lima; Allan J.M. Ara˙jo; Rinaldo M. Silva; Rafael A. Raimundo; Joao P.F. Grilo; Gabriel Constantinescu; Andrei V. Kovalevsky; Daniel A. Macedo
nationality International
journal Journal of Solid State Chemistry
abstract In this work, brownmillerite-type calcium ferrite (Ca2Fe2O5) ceramics were prepared by two distinct routes, namely by a proteic sol-gel synthesis using commercial flavorless gelatin, and by a solid-state reaction method using mollusk shells. XRD analyses revealed single phase brownmillerite-type calcium ferrites in both cases. SEM-EDS analysis of sintered Ca2Fe2O5 ceramics revealed larger grain sizes for the samples prepared via the solid-state reaction. All samples possessed a p-type conduction mechanism, with the largest power factor of ~2 μWm-1 K-2 at 450C observed for the samples obtained via the solid state reaction. The charge transport mechanism was found to depend on the preparation route. The obtained results demonstrated that the proposed synthesis routes can be successfully employed for the preparation of single-phase brownmillerite-type materials.
year published 2021
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.jssc.2021.122172
unique article identifier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2021.122172
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