Quercus suber and Betula pendula outer barks as renewable sources of oleochemicals: A comparative study
authors Pinto, PCRO; Sousa, AR; Silvestre, AJD; Neto, CP; Gandini, A; Eckerman, C; Holmbom, B
nationality International
journal INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS
author keywords Cork oak; Quercus suber L.; Cork; Birch; Betula pendula L.; Suberin; Chemical composition; omega-Hydroxyfatty acids; alpha,omega-Dicarboxylic acids
keywords CHEMICAL-CHARACTERIZATION; REPRODUCTION CORK; POLYURETHANES; URETHANES; POLYSACCHARIDES; OXYPROPYLATION; BIOREFINERIES; METHANOLYSIS; VARIABILITY; HYDROLYSIS
abstract A comparative study on the chemical composition of oak cork (Quercus suber L.) and corresponding industrial residues and birch (Betula pendula L.) outer bark is reported. Cork oak samples have lower extractives contents (6-9%) and higher contents of carbohydrates and lignin (23-27 and 33-38%, respectively) than those found for birch outer bark (40, 6 and 9%, respectively); suberin contents accounted for around 30% of cork, 11% of industrial cork powder and 45% of birch outer bark. Analysis of the suberin monomeric composition revealed that C18 and C22 omega-hydroxyfatty acids (including mid-chain epoxy- and dihydroxy-derivatives), followed by alpha,omega-dicarboxylic acids, are the main components in both suberins, with 9,10-epoxy-18-hydroxyoctadecanoic, 18-hydroxyoctadec-9-enoic, 9,10,18-trihydroxyoctadecanoic and octadec-9-enoic acids as the major components. The differences in the relative amounts of these acids in the suberin samples and the impact on the potential exploitation of the different industrial by-products are discussed. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0926-6690
year published 2009
volume 29
issue 1
beginning page 126
ending page 132
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.indcrop.2008.04.015
web of science category Agricultural Engineering; Agronomy
subject category Agriculture
unique article identifier WOS:000262299100017
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