Cr-doped perovskite and rutile pigments derived from industrial by-products
authors Hajjaji, W; Zanelli, C; Seabra, MP; Dondi, M; Labrincha, JA
nationality International
journal CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
author keywords Sludges; Pigments; Chromium doping; Perovskite; Rutile
keywords CERAMIC PIGMENTS; TITANIUM-DIOXIDE; TECHNOLOGICAL PROPERTIES; SYSTEM CAO-TIO2-SIO2; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE; PHASE-EQUILIBRIA; THERMAL-ANALYSIS; COUNTERIONS MO; SLUDGES; POWDERS
abstract In order to enhance the use of environment-friendly materials and to stimulate waste recycling, this work has developed brown-maroon inorganic pigments belonging to rutile (TiO(2)) and perovskite (CaTiO(3)) structures. They were obtained by solid state reaction of industrial residues mixtures: tionite (i.e. insoluble residue of titania slag processing), Cr/Ni plating sludge and marble cutting/sawing sludge, for sake of comparison, analogous formulations were prepared by using reagent-grade precursors. Chromium-doped (0.04 mole of Cr(2)O(3)) perovskite and rutile pigments were obtained at 1200 degrees C and their phase composition, microstructure, optical properties and technological behaviour were characterized by XRD, SEM, DRS and application in glazes, respectively. The presence of impurities (e.g. Fe, Ni, Al, Si) in the wastes induced the crystallization of secondary phases, like wollastonite (CaSiO(3)) and titanite (CaTiSiO(5)), whose occurrence slightly shaded off the final colouration of the waste-based pigments; a further addition of chromium is required to improve their colouring power in transparent glazes. The diffuse reflectance spectroscopy shows that the colour development, in both structures, is due to the partial substitution of titanium by chromium in octahedral coordination. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
issn 1385-8947
year published 2011
volume 171
issue 3
beginning page 1178
ending page 1184
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.cej.2011.05.021
web of science category Engineering, Environmental; Engineering, Chemical
subject category Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000293664600049
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