Structural characterization of polysaccharides isolated from grape stalks of Vitis vinifera L.
authors Prozil, SO; Costa, EV; Evtuguin, DV; Lopes, LPC; Domingues, MRM
nationality International
journal CARBOHYDRATE RESEARCH
author keywords Grape stalks; Cellulose; Heteroxylan; NMR spectroscopy; beta-Glucan; ESI-MS
keywords TANDEM MASS-SPECTROMETRY; C-13 NMR-SPECTROSCOPY; ACETYLATED HETEROXYLAN; CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION; OLIGOSACCHARIDES; HEMICELLULOSES; FEATURES; WOOD
abstract The main structural polysaccharides of grape stalks are cellulose, heteroxylan, and glucan. Cellulose contributes 30.3% of grape stalk matter and has an unusually high degree of the crystallinity (75.4%). Among hemicelluloses, xylan was the most abundant one, contributing similar to 12% to the weight. The heteroxylan was isolated from the corresponding peracetic holocellulose by DMSO extraction followed by precipitation in ethanol. The M-w of heteroxylan (19.0 kDa) was assessed by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and the structure was inferred by methanolysis and methylation linkage analysis, as well as 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The heteroxylan is a partially acetylated (DS = 0.49) glucuronoxylan possessing the main backbone composed by beta-(1 -> 4)-linked D-xylopyranosyl units ramified with alpha-(1 -> 2)-linked 4-O-methyl-alpha-D-glucuronosyl residues (MeGlcpA) at a molar ratio 25:1. The isolated heteroxylan contained concomitant beta-glucan (ca. 15%), whose structure was elucidated by methylation linkage analysis and by NMR spectroscopy. The results obtained revealed mixed beta-(1 -> 3; 1 -> 4)-D-glucan with a molar ratio of beta-(1 -> 3)- to beta-(1 -> 4)-linked glucopyranosyl units of 1:2. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0008-6215
year published 2012
volume 356
beginning page 252
ending page 259
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.carres.2012.02.001
web of science category Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry, Applied; Chemistry, Organic
subject category Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000305338000028
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