Chemical composition of grape stalks of Vitis vinifera L. from red grape pomaces
authors Prozil, SO; Evtuguin, DV; Lopes, LPC
nationality International
journal INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS
author keywords Grape stalks; Chemical composition; Cellulose; Lignin; Tannins; Xylan
keywords MACROMOLECULAR COMPONENTS; ACETYLATED HETEROXYLAN; STRUCTURAL FEATURES; CELLULOSE; PRODUCTS; PORTUGAL; EXTRACTS; RECOVERY; TANNINS; LIGNIN
abstract The chemical composition and the structure of macromolecular components of grape stalks from red grape pomaces have been evaluated. These are composed mainly of cellulose (30.3%), hemicelluloses (21.0%), lignin (17.4%), tannins (15.9%) and proteins (6.1%). Among hemicelluloses the xylan was the most abundant (ca. 12%). The parameters of cellulose unitary cell, average diameter of nanofibrils and the degree of crystallinity (75.4%) were assessed by X-ray scattering analysis. The xylan was partially acetylated glucuronoxylan (DS = 0.49) possessing the Xylp:MeGlcpA ratio of 25:1. The lignin of grape stalks was suggested to be of HGS type with H:G:S molar proportion of 3:71:26 as revealed by analysis of nitrobenzene oxidation products. Among alkali soluble condensed tannins procyanidins prevailed over prodelphinidins. The abnormal response of grape stalks to kraft pulping, leading to poorly delignified fibrous material, was attributed to a particular lignin structure and it structural association with other macromolecular components of grape stalks. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0926-6690
year published 2012
volume 35
issue 1
beginning page 178
ending page 184
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.06.035
web of science category Agricultural Engineering; Agronomy
subject category Agriculture
unique article identifier WOS:000296110700025
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