Lipophilic extractives from the bark of Eucalyptus grandis x globulus, a rich source of methyl morolate: Selective extraction with supercritical CO2
authors Patinha, DJS; Domingues, RMA; Villaverde, JJ; Silva, AMS; Silva, CM; Freire, CSR; Neto, CP; Silvestre, AJD
nationality International
journal INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS
author keywords Eucalyptus grandis x globulus; Inner and outer barks; Triterpenic acids; Methyl 3-hydroxyolean-18-en-28-oate; Methyl morolate; Supercritical CO2 extraction
keywords CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY; VALUE TRITERPENIC COMPOUNDS; MORONIC ACID-DERIVATIVES; ANTI-AIDS AGENTS; FLUID EXTRACTION; URSOLIC ACID; PENTACYCLIC TRITERPENES; CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION; GAS-CHROMATOGRAPHY; OLEANOLIC ACID
abstract The chemical composition of the lipohilic extracts of the inner and outer barks of Eucalyptus grandis x globulus, cultivated in Portugal, was studied by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The two bark fractions show different chemical compositions. beta-Sitosterol is the most abundant compound in the inner bark (82 mg kg(-1)), while long chain aliphatic alcohols are the main family of components accounting for 208 mg kg(-1). In the outer bark fraction, triterpenic compounds (8.5 g kg(-1)) are the most abundant ones from which methyl morolate (methyl 3-hydroxyolean-18-en-28-oate) is the chief component (3 g kg(-1)). This oleanane type tritepenic acid methyl ester was identified here for the first time as a component of Eucalyptus bark tissues using GC-MS and NMR. Other high value triterpenic acids such as ursolic, oleanolic and betulinic acids, accounting for 1.3, 0.9 and 0.6 g kg(-1), respectively, were also detected in this fraction. Finally, the extraction of methyl morolate with supercritical CO2 was also carried out aiming at designing an environmentally friendly extraction alternative for this abundant compound. At 20 MPa and 333K, the methyl morolate extraction attained a plateau at 6h. In the whole, the acetylated triterpenic acids were more significantly extracted when compared to their free acids, which is directly related with the less polar nature of the former molecules. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0926-6690
year published 2013
volume 43
beginning page 340
ending page 348
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.06.056
web of science category Agricultural Engineering; Agronomy
subject category Agriculture
unique article identifier WOS:000311865000052
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