Properties of C-60 polymerized under high pressure and temperature
authors Rao, AM; Eklund, PC; Venkateswaran, UD; Tucker, J; Duncan, MA; Bendele, GM; Stephens, PW; Hodeau, JL; Marques, L; NunezRegueiro, M; Bashkin, IO; Ponyatovsky, EG; Morovsky, AP
journal APPLIED PHYSICS A-MATERIALS SCIENCE & PROCESSING
keywords SOLID C-60; VIBRATIONAL PROPERTIES; FILMS; PHASE; LUMINESCENCE; TRANSITION; FULLERITE; C60; TRANSFORMATIONS
abstract We discuss the Raman, infrared, photoluminescence (PL), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and laser desorption mass spectroscopic (LDMS) studies of pressure synthesized C-60 polymers. Pure and mixed phase polymeric samples were synthesized by simultaneously subjecting microcrystalline C-60 powder or pellets to various pressures (1 GPa < P < 4.8 GPa) and temperatures (250 degrees C < T < 600 degrees C). The optical spectra of the orthorhombic, tetragonal, and rhombohedral C-60 polymer phases are observed to be quite distinct and rich. These spectra exhibit numerous lines and an overall downshift in frequency relative to C-60 is observed, consistent with a loss of double bonds from the fullerene cage. The LDMS spectra of a sample synthesized at 2 GPa under hydrostatic conditions and 350 degrees C, exhibited a succession of similar to 12 clear peaks at mass numbers corresponding to (C-60)N=1,2...12, similar to the LDMS data on the C-60 photopolymer. This is taken as further evidence for interfullerene bonds in these high-pressure polymers. The XRD pattern of this sample indicates the presence of a strong texture in the sample.
publisher SPRINGER VERLAG
issn 0947-8396
year published 1997
volume 64
issue 3
beginning page 231
ending page 239
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1007/s003390050472
web of science category Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Physics, Applied
subject category Materials Science; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:A1997WN71500004
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journal impact factor 1.81
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