Luminescent urea cross-linked tripodal siloxane-based hybrids
authors Freitas, VT; Lima, PP; Ferreira, RAS; Pecoraro, E; Fernandes, M; Bermudez, VD; Carlos, LD
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF SOL-GEL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
author keywords Organic-inorganic tripodal hybrids; Sol-gel; Photoluminescence; Organic chromophores; Tri-ureasils
keywords ORGANIC-INORGANIC HYBRIDS; ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRIDS; LIGHT-EMISSION; MODIFIED SILICATES; QUANTUM YIELDS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; NANOHYBRIDS; MECHANISMS; SOLVOLYSIS; FEATURES
abstract This work reports the synthesis of novel sol-gel derived urea cross-linked tripodal siloxane-based hybrids (classed as tri-ureasils) modified by the addition of phenyltriethoxysilane (PTES) and diphenyldimethoxysilane (DPDMS). The materials were produced as transparent monoliths and thin films (thickness = 3.3-17.5 +/- A 0.1 mu m) and characterized by X-ray diffraction, mid-infrared spectroscopy, Si-29 and C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance, thermogravimetric analysis, ultraviolet/visible (UV/Vis) absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopies. The role played by PTES and DPDMS as light harvesting chromophores has been discussed and quantified through emission quantum yield and UV/Vis absorption measurements. All the hybrids show efficient emission at room temperature in the blue spectral region with maximum emission quantum yield values ranging from 0.01 +/- A 0.001 to 0.10 +/- A 0.01. The highest values were found for the tri-ureasils incorporating PTES and DPDMS essentially due to an increase in the absorption coefficient (from 1.4 x 10(3) cm(-1), for the pristine tri-ureasil, to 8.6 x 10(3) cm(-1), for the hybrids modified by the chromophores). The existence of energy transfer between the DPDMS and PTES excited states and the hybrid host intrinsic emitting levels (NH/C=O- and siliceous-related levels) has been discussed.
publisher SPRINGER
issn 0928-0707
year published 2013
volume 65
issue 1
beginning page 83
ending page 92
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1007/s10971-012-2770-2
web of science category Materials Science, Ceramics
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000315037400012

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