Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial studies of a copper(II) levofloxacin ternary complex
authors Sousa, I; Claro, V; Pereira, JL; Amaral, AL; Cunha-Silva, L; de Castro, B; Feio, MJ; Pereira, E; Gameiro, P
journal JOURNAL OF INORGANIC BIOCHEMISTRY
author keywords Levofloxacin; Fluoroquinolones; Metalloantibiotics; Bacterial resistance; Solution equilibria
keywords INTRAMOLECULAR STACKING INTERACTIONS; OUTER-MEMBRANE PERMEABILITY; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; METAL-IONS; AQUEOUS-SOLUTION; 1,10-PHENANTHROLINE; CIPROFLOXACIN; QUINOLONES; RESISTANCE; CRYSTAL
abstract Solution behavior of levofloxacin (lvx) complexes with copper(II) in the presence and absence of phen was studied in aqueous solution, by potentiometry. The results obtained show that under physiological conditions (micromolar concentration range and pH 7.4) only copper(II):lvx:phen ternary complexes are stable. Hence, a novel copper(II) ternary complex of fluoroquinolone levofloxacin with nitrogen donor heterocyclic ligand phen was synthesized and characterized by means of UV-Visible and IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis and X-Ray crystallography. In the synthesized complex (1), [Cu(lvx)(phen)(H2O)](NO3).2H(2)O. levofloxacin acts as a bidentate ligand coordinating to the metal, in its anionic form, through the carbonyl and carboxyl oxygens and phen coordinates through two N-atoms forming the equatorial plane of a distorted square-pyramidal geometry. The fifth ligand of the penta-coordinated Cu(II) centre is occupied axially by an oxygen atom from a water molecule. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) determinations of the complex and comparison with free levofloxacin in various E. coli strains indicated that the Cu-complex is as efficient an antimicrobial as the free antibiotic (both in the case of the dissolved synthesized complex and the complex formed following stoichiometric mixture of the individual components in solution). Moreover, results strongly suggest that the cell intake route of both species is different supporting, therefore, the complex's suitability as a candidate for further biological testing in fluoroquinolone-resistant microorganisms. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
issn 0162-0134
year published 2012
volume 110
beginning page 64
ending page 71
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2012.02.003
web of science category Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear
subject category Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000304335700011
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journal impact factor 3.063
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