The ripe pulp of Mangifera indica L.: A rich source of phytosterols and other lipophilic phytochemicals
authors Vilela, C; Santos, SAO; Oliveira, L; Camacho, JF; Cordeiro, N; Freire, CSR; Silvestre, AJD
nationality International
journal FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
author keywords Mangifera indica L.; Ripe mango pulp; GC-MS; Lipophilic extractives; Sterols; Fatty acids; Tocopherol
keywords FATTY-ACIDS; KERNEL FAT; MANGO; FRUITS; HEALTH; EXTRACTIVES; VARIETIES; SITUATION; ALCOHOLS; STEROLS
abstract The chemical composition of the lipophilic extracts of the ripe pulp of mangoes from twelve cultivars of Mangifera indica L from Madeira Island was investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) for the first time. The ripe pulp of these mango cultivars showed analogous amounts of lipophilic extractives, as well as similar qualitative chemical compositions. The predominant compounds were free and glycosylated sterols and fatty acids, representing 44.8-70.7% and 22.6-41.9%, respectively, of the total amount of lipophilic components. Smaller amounts of long chain aliphatic alcohols and alpha-tocopherol were also identified. These data indicate that the investigated mango cultivars are a rich source of valuable phytochemicals, contributing to the intake of at least 9.5-38.2 mg of phytosterols ( free and glycosylated) and 0.7-3.9 mg of fatty adds (omega-3 and omega-6) per 100 g of fresh mango, with recognizable beneficial effects on human nutrition and health. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0963-9969
year published 2013
volume 54
issue 2
beginning page 1535
ending page 1540
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.foodres.2013.09.017
web of science category Food Science & Technology
subject category Food Science & Technology
unique article identifier WOS:000329766300023
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