Effect of A-Site Cation Deficiency on the Thermoelectric Performance of Donor-Substituted Strontium Titanate
authors Kovalevsky, AV; Yaremchenko, AA; Populoh, S; Weidenkaff, A; Frade, JR
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C
keywords NB-DOPED SRTIO3; TRANSPORT-PROPERTIES; CERAMICS; OXIDES; CONDUCTIVITY; TEMPERATURE; BEHAVIOR; SENSORS; PHASES; DEFECT
abstract Donor-substituted strontium titanate is known as one of the best highly performing n-type oxide thermoelectrics. In the present work, structural, microstructural, and thermoelectric properties of Sr1-xPrxTiO3 +/-delta, Sr1-1.5x PrxTiO3 +/-delta, and Sr1-yTi0.8Nb0.2O3 +/-delta (x = 0.05-0.30, y = 0-0.10) perovskite-type titanates were assessed to identify the impact of nominal A-site deficiency on thermoelectric performance. A large increase in power factor was observed for A-site nonstoichiometric materials at high donor-substitution level, provided by the favorable changes in electronic structure, defect chemistry, and microstructure. Complex dependence of the total conductivity and Seebeck coefficient on strontium deficiency suggests effects of microstructure on the electrical properties of Pr-and Nb-substituted ceramic samples. Formation of oxygen vacancies was found to suppress lattice thermal conductivity at low and intermediate temperatures, whereas the electronic part of the heat transfer increases for cation-deficient materials. For both Pr- and Nb-substituted titanates, introducing nominal A-site deficiency represents a promising strategy for improving performance.
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn 1932-7447
year published 2014
volume 118
issue 9
beginning page 4596
ending page 4606
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/jp409872e
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000332756000004
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