White OLED based on a temperature sensitive Eu3+/Tb3+ beta-diketonate complex
authors Lima, PP; Paz, FAA; Brites, CDS; Quirino, WG; Legnani, C; Silva, MCE; Ferreira, RAS; Junior, SA; Malta, OL; Cremona, M; Carlos, LD
nationality International
journal ORGANIC ELECTRONICS
author keywords beta-Diketonate complex; Emission quantum yield; Color coordinates; Thermometry; WOLED
keywords LIGHT-EMITTING-DIODES; CAMBRIDGE STRUCTURAL DATABASE; ENERGY-TRANSFER; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES; COLOR; UV; EUROPIUM(III); EFFICIENT; EMISSION; 1,10-PHENANTHROLINE
abstract A mixed lanthanide beta-diketonate complex of molecular formula [Eu0.45Tb0.55(btfa)(3) (4,4'-bpy)(EtOH)] (btfa(-) = 4,4,4-trifluoro-1-phenyl-1,3-butanedionate; 4,4'-bpy = 4,4'-dipyridyl; EtOH = ethanol) was synthesized and its structure was elucidated by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The temperature dependence of the complex emission intensity between 11 and 298 K is illustrated by the Commission Internacionale l'Eclairage (CIE) (x,y) color coordinates change within the orange-red region, from (0.521, 0.443) to (0.658, 0.335). The existence of Tb3+-to-Eu3+ energy transfer was observed at room temperature and as the complex presents a relatively high emission quantum yield (0.34 +/- 0.03) it was doped in a 4,4'-bis(carbazol-9-yl) biphenyl (CBP) organic matrix to be used as emitting layer to fabricate a white organic light-emitting diode (WOLED). Continuous electroluminescence emission was obtained varying the applied bias voltage showing a wide emission band from 400 to 700 nm. The white emission results from a combined action between the Eu3+ and Tb3+ peaks from the mixed Eu3+/Tb3+ complex and the other organic layers forming the device. The intensity ratio of the peaks is determined by the layer thickness and by the bias voltage applied to the OLED, allowing us to obtain a color tunable light source. (C) 2014 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 1566-1199
year published 2014
volume 15
issue 3
beginning page 798
ending page 808
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.orgel.2014.01.009
web of science category Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Physics, Applied
subject category Materials Science; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000331630700021

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