Stability of metal oxides against Li/Na carbonates in composite electrolytes
authors Loureiro, FJA; Rajesh, S; Figueiredo, FML; Marques, FMB
nationality International
journal RSC ADVANCES
keywords CO2 SEPARATION MEMBRANES; CERAMIC FUEL-CELLS; ELECTRICAL-CONDUCTIVITY; ALKALI CARBONATES; IONIC-CONDUCTION; DOPED CERIA; RE2O3 RE; TEMPERATURE; RAMAN; MIXTURES
abstract Solid oxide-alkaline carbonate (Li2CO3 : Na2CO3, 1 : 1 molar ratio) composite electrolytes were prepared using different solid oxide matrices (TiO2, HfO2, Yb2O3, Y2O3, Dy2O3, Gd2O3 and La2O3), to cover a wide range of ceramic chemical characteristics. The chemical and microstructural stability of these oxides with the mixed carbonates were studied by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, infrared and laser Raman spectroscopic techniques after reacting them at 690 degrees C for 1 h in air. The electrical performance of selected composites was evaluated using impedance spectroscopy, in air. Amongst the oxides hereby tested, TiO2 is found to be the most unstable in contact with the molten carbonates whereas Yb2O3 is quite stable. The corresponding composites have ionic conductivities (3.3 x 10(-1) S cm(-1) at 580 degrees C, in air) close to those reported for state-of-the-art ceria-based composite electrolytes. A draft equivalent circuit model underlines the transport in the carbonate phase and across the carbonate/oxide interfaces as the dominant contributions to the total conductivity of these composites. Yb2O3 + Li2CO3 : Na2CO3 composites show chemical stability at operating temperatures in the order of 690 degrees C, standing as a potential candidate for intermediate temperature applications.
publisher ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
issn 2046-2069
year published 2014
volume 4
issue 104
beginning page 59943
ending page 59952
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1039/c4ra11446a
web of science category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000345654000036

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