Ni-CGO cermet anodes from nanocomposite powders: Microstructural and electrochemical assessment
authors Macedo, DA; Figueiredo, FML; Paskocimas, CA; Martinelli, AE; Nascimento, RM; Marques, FMB
nationality International
journal CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL
author keywords Composites; Electrical properties; Fuel cells; Ni-CGO anodes
keywords OXIDE FUEL-CELLS; SOFC ANODES; HYDROGEN OXIDATION; PERFORMANCE; ELECTRODES; NICKEL; DEGRADATION
abstract In this study, composite powders synthesized by a novel one-step sol-gel method were used to obtain Ni-CGO anodes, while anodes of the same composition prepared from commercial powders were used as reference. The anodes performance was studied by impedance spectroscopy and dc polarization in the temperature range of 650-750 degrees C in flowing humidified 10% H-2+90% N-2 gas mixtures, using a three-electrode configuration cell, with clear advantage for the novel one-step route. One-step anodes fired at 1450 degrees C showed an area specific resistance of 0.15 Omega cm(2) under open circuit conditions and an anodic overpotential of 91 mV at 750 degrees C for a current density of 322 mA/cm(2), which are amongst the best results mentioned in the literature. The enhanced electrochemical performance of one-step anodes is mainly attributed to unique microstructural features, namely small grain size (submicrometer scale even after firing at 1450 degrees C) and homogeneous phase distribution, which is expected to extend the triple-phase boundary length. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0272-8842
year published 2014
volume 40
issue 8
beginning page 13105
ending page 13113
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.05.010
web of science category Materials Science, Ceramics
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000340321300063
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