Performance of Carbonate - LaCoO3 and La0.8Sr0.2Co0.2Fe0.8O3-delta Composite Cathodes under Carbon Dioxide
authors Rajesh, S; Pereira, JRS; Figueiredo, FML; Marques, FMB
nationality International
journal ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
author keywords Composite electrodes; Ceria-based composite electrolytes; Chemical stability; Carbon dioxide permeation membranes; Intermediate temperature fuel cells
keywords OXIDE FUEL-CELLS; ELECTRICAL-CONDUCTIVITY; MOLTEN CARBONATES; OXYGEN REDUCTION; CERIA; ELECTROLYTES; ELECTRODES; SEPARATION; STABILITY
abstract An investigation of the chemical compatibility and electrochemical performance of composite electrodes based on LaCoO3 (LC) and La0.8Sr0.2Co0.2Fe0.8O3-delta (LSCF) for ceria/carbonate composite electrolytes is presented. The tests are based on symmetric cells (electrode/electrolyte/electrode) prepared using Li2CO3 and Na2CO3 mixed with LC or LSCF as composite electrodes, and Gd-doped ceria mixed with the same carbonates as composite electrolyte. Reactivity tests performed at 550 degrees C for 5 h identified LSCF as the most stable perovskite in pure CO2, with only minor loss of Sr, while LC shows partial decomposition. The chemical stability of both materials exposed to lower CO2 activity is confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Cell assemblies tested by impedance spectroscopy in the temperature range 520-600 degrees C, in air and pure CO2, confirm the potential of these composite electrodes for intermediate temperature applications such as fuel cells and carbon dioxide permeation membranes. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
issn 0013-4686
year published 2014
volume 125
beginning page 435
ending page 442
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.01.157
web of science category Electrochemistry
subject category Electrochemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000335424300055
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