Optimization of the time and temperature of the microwave-assisted amination of phenylene-PMO
authors Lourenco, MAO; Gomes, JRB; Ferreira, P
nationality International
journal RSC ADVANCES
keywords PERIODIC MESOPOROUS ORGANOSILICAS; ORGANIC-SYNTHESIS; SILICA; HYBRIDS; WALLS
abstract In this paper we report a study on the optimization of the amination of periodic mesoporous phenylene-silica (PMO) using microwave heating. The optimization was carried out for two key steps in the reaction, namely, (1) nitration of the bissilylated phenylene bridge, and (2) reduction of the nitro group to a primary amine. The temperatures of both reaction steps were varied between 37, 60, 75 and 90 degrees C. The reaction times studied were between 15 to 360 minutes. Microwave heating lead to significant reduction in the reaction times needed to achieve the maximum degree of nitration and amination compared to conventional means. After 15 minutes of reaction at 60 degrees C, a nitrogen density similar to that obtained for the same material synthesized conventionally was observed, and after 240 minutes of reaction time at 60 degrees C the nitrogen density was exceeded. A complete reduction of the nitro to the amine groups was observed after 15 minutes of reaction at 60 degrees C, which demonstrates the great potential of microwave irradiation in enhancing the kinetics of the post-synthesis functionalization of PMO materials, while preserving the molecular and mesoporous orders.
publisher ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
issn 2046-2069
year published 2015
volume 5
issue 12
beginning page 9208
ending page 9216
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1039/c4ra12364f
web of science category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000347721300086

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