Effect of Molecular Stacking on Exciton Diffusion in Crystalline Organic Semiconductors
authors Pinto, RM; Macoas, EMS; Neves, AIS; Raja, S; Baleizao, C; Santos, IC; Alves, H
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
keywords CHARGE-TRANSFER INTERFACES; FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTORS; SINGLET ENERGY-TRANSFER; POLYMER SOLAR-CELLS; MORPHOLOGY; PERFORMANCE; EFFICIENCY; FISSION; DEPENDENCE; TRANSPORT
abstract Exciton diffusion-is at the heart of most organic optoelectronic devices' operation, and it currently the most limiting factor to their achieving high efficiency. It is deeply related to molecular organization, as it depends on intermolecular distances and orbital overlap. However, there is no dear guideline for how to improve exciton diffusion with regard to molecular design and structure. Here, we use single-crystal charge-transfer interfaces to probe favorable exciton diffusion. Photoresponse measurements on interfaces between perylenediimides and rubrene show a higher photocurrent yield (+50%) am extended spectral coverage,(+100 nm) when there is increased dimensionality of the percolation network and stronger orbital overlap. This is achieved by very short interstack distances in different directional axes, which favors exciton diffusion by a Dexter mechanism. Even if the core of the molecule shows strong deviation from planarity, the similar electrical resistance of the different systems, planar and nonplanar, shows that electronic transport is not comproinised. These results highlight the impact of molecular organization in device performance and the necessity of optimizing it to take full advantage of the materials' properties.
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn Feb-63
year published 2015
volume 137
issue 22
beginning page 7104
ending page 7110
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/ja512886h
web of science category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000356322300033
link http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja512886h
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