Cu-TiO2 Hybrid Nanoparticles Exhibiting Tunable Photochromic Behavior
authors Tobaldi, DM; Rozman, N; Leoni, M; Seabra, MP; Skapin, AS; Pullar, RC; Labrincha, JA
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C
keywords SURFACE-PLASMON RESONANCE; SILVER-DOPED TITANIA; TIO2 THIN-FILMS; VISIBLE-LIGHT; PHASE-TRANSFORMATION; COPPER NANOPARTICLES; PHOTOCATALYTIC OXIDATION; MULTICOLOR PHOTOCHROMISM; ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES; NANOCRYSTALLINE TIO2
abstract Pure and copper-modified photocatalytic TiO2 nanopowders were prepared via a green sol gel route and heated to 450 degrees C. Copper does not enter the TiO2 lattice but forms as smaller similar to 2 nm Cu-based nanocrystals, decorating the surface of similar to 10 nm TiO2 nanoparticles. The surface of the larger TiO2 nanopartides (NPs) is partially covered by much smaller Cu NPs, attached to the surface of the larger NPs but not completely covering them due to the small quantity present (1-10 mol % Cu). This retards the anatase-to-rutile phase transition and titania domain growth through a grain-boundary pinning mechanism. These hybrid nanopartides show tunable photochromic behavior under both UVA and visible light. Under LTVA, Cu2+ nanopartides reduce to Cu+, and then to Cu-0. Under visible-light, Cu2+ reduces to Cu, although to a lesser extent. The induced photochromism can be tuned by varying the light source or exposure time. One mol % Cu causes a reduction of Cu2+, and lowers the d-d absorption band, to 50% after only 12 s, and 95% after 10 min, under UVA-light, and has a reduction of 25% in 1 min, 50% in 4 min, and 80% in 1 h under visible-light. This is the first report of inorganic compounds, in this case Cu-TiO2 hybrid nanopartides, to exhibit tunable photochromism under both UVA and visible-light exposure. This rapid and sensitive effect can potentially be used to modify, tune, or monitor the progress of photoactivated behavior in a new generation of smart/active multifunctional materials and photoactive devices or sensors.
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn 1932-7447
year published 2015
volume 119
issue 41
beginning page 23658
ending page 23668
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b07160
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000363068400043

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