Contact angles and wettability of ionic liquids on polar and non-polar surfaces
authors Pereira, MM; Kurnia, KA; Sousa, FL; Silva, NJO; Lopes-da-Silva, JA; Coutinhoa, JAP; Freire, MG
nationality International
journal PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS
keywords MUTUAL SOLUBILITIES; ACTIVATED CARBON; COSMO-RS; EXTENDED SCALE; WATER; ADSORPTION; IMPACT
abstract Many applications involving ionic liquids (ILs) require the knowledge of their interfacial behaviour, such as wettability and adhesion. In this context, herein, two approaches were combined aiming at understanding the impact of the IL chemical structures on their wettability on both polar and non-polar surfaces, namely: (i) the experimental determination of the contact angles of a broad range of ILs (covering a wide number of anions of variable polarity, cations, and cation alkyl side chain lengths) on polar and non-polar solid substrates (glass, Al-plate, and poly-(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE)); and (ii) the correlation of the experimental contact angles with the cation-anion pair interaction energies generated by the Conductor-like Screening Model for Real Solvents (COSMO-RS). The combined results reveal that the hydrogen-bond basicity of ILs, and thus the IL anion, plays a major role through their wettability on both polar and non-polar surfaces. The increase of the IL hydrogen-bond accepting ability leads to an improved wettability of more polar surfaces (lower contact angles) while the opposite trend is observed on non-polar surfaces. The cation nature and alkyl side chain lengths have however a smaller impact on the wetting ability of ILs. Linear correlations were found between the experimental contact angles and the cation-anion hydrogen-bonding and cation ring energies, estimated using COSMO-RS, suggesting that these features primarily control the wetting ability of ILs. Furthermore, two-descriptor correlations are proposed here to predict the contact angles of a wide variety of ILs on glass, Al-plate, and PTFE surfaces. A new extended list is provided for the contact angles of ILs on three surfaces, which can be used as a priori information to choose appropriate ILs before a given application.
publisher ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
issn 1463-9076
year published 2015
volume 17
issue 47
beginning page 31653
ending page 31661
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1039/c5cp05873b
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
subject category Chemistry; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000365410100029

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