Electrochemical behaviour of Ni-BZO and Ni-BZY cermet anodes for Protonic Ceramic Fuel Cells (PCFCs) - A comparative study
authors Nasani, N; Ramasamy, D; Antunes, I; Perez, J; Fagg, DP
nationality International
journal ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
author keywords Barium zirconate; proton conductors; cermet anode; protonic ceramic fuel cells; PCFC
keywords GAS-DIFFUSION IMPEDANCE; SOLID-ELECTROLYTE; COMBUSTION METHOD; DEGREES-C; SOFCS; CONDUCTIVITY; STABILITY; POLARIZATION; CONDUCTORS
abstract The matrix phase of protonic ceramic fuel cell (PCFC) cermet anodes potentially plays a vital role in hydrogen oxidation kinetics. The present work aims to investigate such involvement by selecting ceramic-oxide matrices with widely dissimilar levels of proton conduction. The materials chosen were that of the proton conducting phase BaZr0.85Y0.15O3-delta and the nominal composition BaZrO3 of negligible proton conduction. Cermet anodes Ni-BaZrO3 and Ni-BaZr0.85Y0.15O3-delta were synthesized by the acetate-H2O2 combustion method for Ni contents of 40 vol%. The microstructure and electrochemical performance of the cermet anodes were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical impedance measurements (EIS) respectively. The polarisation behaviour of the two nickel cermet anodes was studied as a function of temperature, hydrogen partial pressure (pH(2)) and water vapor partial pressure (pH(2)O). The results confirm that polarisation resistance is highly sensitive to the composition of the ceramic phase of the cermet anode and that the higher frequency electrode response exhibits strong links to levels of proton transport in the ceramic-oxide matrix. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
issn 0013-4686
year published 2015
volume 154
beginning page 387
ending page 396
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.12.094
web of science category Electrochemistry
subject category Electrochemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000349546500051
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