Catalytic isomerisation of alpha-pinene oxide in the presence of ETS-10 supported ferrocenium ions
authors Bruno, SM; Gomes, AC; Coelho, AC; Brandao, P; Valente, AA; Pillinger, M; Goncalves, IS
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY
author keywords ETS-10; Ferrocenium; alpha-pinene oxide; Isomerisation; Campholenic aldehyde
keywords MICROPOROUS TITANOSILICATE ETS-10; LEWIS-ACID; PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION; CAMPHOLENIC ALDEHYDE; NANOPARTICLES; FE(CP)(2)BF4; SELECTIVITY; COMPLEXES; MOLECULES; CHEMISTRY
abstract Ferrocenium ions, [Fc](+), have been immobilised in the microporous titanosilicate ETS-10 by ion exchange of Na+/K+ ions under hydrothermal conditions. The resultant hybrid inorganic-organometallic (ETS-10/[Fc](+)) material was characterised by elemental analysis, diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectroscopy, FT-IR spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. The ETS-10/[Fc](+) sample was tested as a catalyst for the isomerisation of alpha-pinene oxide (PinOx) at 35 degrees C. With alpha,alpha,alpha-trifluorotoluene (TFT) as solvent, campholenic aldehyde (CPA) was the main product formed in 38% yield at 100% conversion and 30 min reaction. Other reaction products included trans-carveol, iso-pinocamphone and trans-pinocarveol. The same PinOx conversion and CPA yield could be reached within 1 min reaction time by increasing the reaction temperature (to 55 degrees C) and the Fe:PinOx molar ratio. Other solvents (hexane, CH3CN, toluene) led to poorer results than TFT. Characterisation of the used catalyst, together with an analysis of the catalytic activity of the liquid phase obtained after contact of ETS-10/[Fc](+) with TFT, indicated that the ETS-10/[Fc](+) sample was resistant toward leaching of iron-containing active species. When the recovered solid was reused in a second batch run, catalytic activity was lower than in the first run, while selectivity to CPA was higher. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
issn 0022-328X
year published 2015
volume 791
beginning page 66
ending page 71
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.jorganchem.2015.05.026
web of science category Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear; Chemistry, Organic
subject category Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000357996100011

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