Structural, physical and chemical properties of nanostructured nickel-substituted ceria oxides under reducing and oxidizing conditions
authors Fuentes, RO; Acuna, LM; Albornoz, CA; Leyva, AG; Sousa, N; Figueiredo, FM
nationality International
journal RSC ADVANCES
keywords DOPED CERIA; NANOPARTICLES; CATALYSTS; METHANE; REDUCTION; EXPANSION; OXIDATION; NIO/CEO2; BEHAVIOR; METAL
abstract This work reports the synthesis of nanostructured Ce1-xNixO2-delta (x = 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2) oxides prepared by a cation complexation route and with the main objective of studying their redox properties using a combination of electron microscopy, synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD) and X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES). The Ce1-xNixO2-delta series of nanopowders maintain the cubic crystal structure (Fm3m space group) of pure ceria, with an average crystallite size of 5-7 nm indicated by XRD patterns and confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. In situ SR-XRD and XANES carried out under reducing (5% H-2/He; 5% CO/He) and oxidizing (21% O-2/N-2) atmospheres at temperatures up to 500 degrees C show a Ni solubility limit close to 15 at% in air at room temperature, decreasing to about 10 at% after exposure to 5% H-2/He atmosphere at 500 degrees C. At room temperature in air, the effect of Ni on the lattice parameter of Ce1-xNixO2-delta is negligible, whereas a marked expansion of the lattice is observed at 500 degrees C in reducing conditions. This is shown by XANES to be correlated with the reduction of up to 25% of Ce4+ cations to the much larger Ce3+, possibly accompanied by the formation of oxygen vacancies. The redox ability of the Ce4+/Ce3+ couple in nanocrystalline Ni-substituted ceria is greatly enhanced in comparison to pure ceria or achieved by using other dopants (e.g. Gd, Tb or Pr), where it is limited to less than 5% of Ce cations.
publisher ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
issn 2046-2069
year published 2016
volume 6
issue 69
beginning page 64861
ending page 64870
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1039/c6ra14853k
web of science category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000379442400077
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journal impact factor 3.119
5 year journal impact factor 3.098
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 59.04
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