TUD-1 type aluminosilicate acid catalysts for 1-butene oligomerisation
authors Silva, AF; Fernandes, A; Antunes, MM; Neves, P; Rocha, SM; Ribeiro, MF; Pillinger, M; Ribeiro, J; Silva, CM; Valente, AA
nationality International
journal FUEL
author keywords Butene; Oligomerisation; Synthetic fuel; TUD-1; Aluminosilicate; GC x GC-ToFMS
keywords ZEOLITE-BASED CATALYST; QUALITY LIQUID FUELS; FISCHER-TROPSCH; DIESEL FUELS; MESOPOROUS ALUMINOSILICATES; OLEFINS OLIGOMERIZATION; TRANSPORTATION FUELS; CONVERSION; SELECTIVITY; ISOBUTENE
abstract TUD-1 type mesoporous aluminosilicates were explored for the acid-catalysed oligomerisation of 1-butene, under high pressure, continuous flow operation, which is an attractive route to produce sulphur-free synthetic fuels with reduced aromatics content. The solid acid catalysts were synthesised via one-pot synthesis (HT) or stepwise approach (PG), without using surfactants as templates, which is an eco-friendly characteristic of the TUD-1 family. While the HT approach may be advantageous in terms of process intensification in relation to the PG one, the latter may lead to relatively low molar ratios Si/Al. The catalysts possessed Si/Al ratios in the range 3-5 and 17-35 for the PG and HT approaches, respectively, pore sizes in the range 10-14 nm, and essentially Lewis acidity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of siliceous oxide TUD-1 furnished with acidity via post-synthesis grafting (PG) of Al-species. For comparative studies, an ordered mesoporous aluminosilicate was synthesised via the PG approach using surfactant mixtures. All materials prepared promoted the reaction of 1-butene to higher molar mass products. The best-performing catalyst in terms of space-time yields of the 170-390 degrees C cut (boiling point range) products (of the type middle distillates) was Al-TUD-1(25)-HT synthesised via the HT method. The products were analysed by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC xGC) combined with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ToFMS). The influence of material properties and process parameters on the catalytic reaction, and catalyst stability were studied. The catalytic performances were benchmarked with ZSM-5 (zeolite used in commercial oligomerisation processes).
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0016-2361
year published 2017
volume 209
beginning page 371
ending page 382
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.fuel.2017.08.017
web of science category Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Chemical
subject category Energy & Fuels; Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000411061500040
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journal analysis (jcr 2017):
journal impact factor 4.908
5 year journal impact factor 5.033
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 85.902
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