Using Ionic Liquids To Tune the Performance of Aqueous Biphasic Systems Based on Pluronic L-35 for the Purification of Naringin and Rutin
authors Silva, FAE; Carmo, RMC; Fernandes, APM; Kholany, M; Coutinho, JAP; Ventura, SPM
nationality International
journal ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING
author keywords Aqueous biphasic systems; Ionic liquids; Copolymer; Purification; Flavonoid; Rutin; Naringin
keywords 2-PHASE SYSTEMS; BLOCK-COPOLYMERS; TRIBLOCK COPOLYMERS; MOLECULAR-INTERACTIONS; DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES; DIALYSIS MEMBRANE; PHASE-EQUILIBRIUM; EXTRACTION; FLAVONOIDS; SEPARATION
abstract Aqueous biphasic systems (ABS) based on Pluronic L-35, a (EO)(x)-(PO)(y)-(EO)(x), triblock copolymer, were determined and applied in the separation of two structurally similar flavonoids (naringin and rutin). Two sets of phase formers were paired with Pluronic L-35, one comprising conventional salts/buffer and other including cholinium-based ionic liquids (ILs). It is shown that while the conventional salts induce an unbalanced and strong salting out leading to complete extraction of flavonoids to the same phase in most of the cases (84.7 +/- 0.6% <= R-NAR <= 100% and 53.2 +/- 0.5% <= R-RUT <= 99.7 +/- 0.1% with selectivities ranging from 1 to 11.8), the cholinium-based ILs provide an enhanced extractive performance. Indeed, these novel cholinium ILs/Pluronic L-35-based ABS allowed the manipulation of the affinity of both naringin and rutin to opposite phases, thus yielding a selective separation. The best results were achieved for the system using [Ch][Bic] as phase former (R-NAR = 89.6 +/- 0.3 and R-RUT = 32 +/- 2 with a selectivity of 18.9). An integrated approach based on the sequential implementation of Na2SO4/Pluronic L-35- (step 1) and [Ch][Bic]/Pluronic L-35-based (step 2) ABS was designed to purify the flavonoids from a complex synthetic mixture simulating natural extracts. Remarkably, glucose (the main contaminant) was removed during step 1 with an extraction efficiency of 60 +/- 4% to the Na2SO4-rich phase, while step 2 has enabled the efficient separation of naringin from rutin.
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn 2168-0485
year published 2017
volume 5
issue 8
beginning page 6409
ending page 6419
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b00178
web of science category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY; Engineering, Chemical
subject category Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000407410900008

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