Design and optimization of a simulated moving bed unit for the separation of betulinic, oleanolic and ursolic acids mixtures: Experimental and modeling studies
authors Aniceto, JPS; Azenha, IS; Domingues, FMJ; Mendes, A; Silva, CM
nationality International
journal SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
author keywords Triterpenic acids; Liquid chromatography; Simulated moving bed; Design of experiments
keywords ULTRASOUND-ASSISTED EXTRACTION; SUPERCRITICAL-FLUID EXTRACTION; THIN-LAYER-CHROMATOGRAPHY; EUCALYPTUS-GLOBULUS BARK; TRITERPENIC ACIDS; NATURAL-PRODUCTS; ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY; DRUG DISCOVERY; OUTER BARKS; DERIVATIVES
abstract Betulinic, oleanolic and ursolic acids are naturally occurring triterpenic acids that have attracted considerable interest due to their nutraceutical and pharmacological properties. These compounds can be extracted from natural sources, however, their simultaneous occurrence and very similar structures make their separation a challenging task. In this work we designed a simulated moving bed (SMB) unit for the separation of a representative natural extract containing betulinic, oleanolic and ursolic acids into high purity compounds using a two-step process: firstly, betulinic acid was isolated from oleanolic and ursolic acids, and secondly oleanolic and ursolic acids were fractionated. Preliminary HPLC experiments were conducted to select appropriate mobile and stationary phases. Equilibrium and mass transport parameters were determined through breakthrough experiments with pure compounds in a single column. Subsequently this information was successfully applied in the simulation of a ternary mixture separation, whose results were validated with ternary breakthrough measurements. Finally, the SMB was designed and optimized using a Design of Experiments approach combined with Response Surface Methodology (DoE-RSM), and simulated using a phenomenological rigorous model. It was concluded that using the designed SMB unit it is possible to produce betulinic, oleanolic and ursolic acids with purities of at least 99.4%, 99.1%, and 99.4% (all mass fraction), from a feed mixture containing 20%, 25%, and 55% of each acid, respectively.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 1383-5866
year published 2018
volume 192
beginning page 401
ending page 411
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.seppur.2017.10.016
web of science category Engineering, Chemical
subject category Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000418212500044
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