The roles of P2O5 and SiO2/Li2O ratio on the network structure and crystallization kinetics of non-stoichiometric lithium disilicate based glasses
authors Gaddam, A; Fernandes, HR; Tulyaganov, DU; Ribeiro, MJ; Ferreira, JMF
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS
author keywords Glass; Lithium disilicate; Nucleation; Crystallization kinetics
keywords AMORPHOUS PHASE-SEPARATION; CRYSTAL NUCLEATION; SILICATE-GLASSES; NMR; LI2O-SIO2; SYSTEM; AL; MICROSTRUCTURE; TEMPERATURE; CERAMICS
abstract During the last decades, the nucleation and crystallization of the Li2O - SiO2 system has been widely investigated and its particular theoretical features disclosed. However, multicomponent lithium disilicate systems, being of higher technological interest, still require further studies aiming at better tailoring their relevant mechanical and chemical properties. Here we report on the effects of SiO2/Li2O molar ratio and the addition of P2O5 on the structure and crystallization behaviour of multicomponent lithium disilicate based glasses. Two non-stoichiometric P2O5-free lithium disilicate based glasses featuring equimolar contents of K2O and Al2O3 and with SiO2/Li2O molar ratios of 2.62 and 2.92 were synthesized in the Li2O - SiO2 system through the melt-quench technique. The influence of partially replacing (K2O + Al2O3) by P2O5 while keeping the same SiO2/Li2O molar ratios of P2O5-free glasses was investigated. The structural features of glasses were assessed by nuclear magnetic resonance. Differential thermal analysis was used to study crystallization kinetics and the crystalline phase evolution was followed by X-ray diffraction. The results showed that an increase in SiO2/Li2O molar ratio decreased the overall crystallization rate, preventing the formation of lithium disilicate. However, adding P2O5 had an opposite effect, enhancing the formation of fine lithium disilicate crystals. The nucleating role of P2O5 is discussed.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0022-3093
year published 2018
volume 481
beginning page 512
ending page 521
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2017.11.034
web of science category Materials Science, Ceramics; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000423646200069
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journal analysis (jcr 2017):
journal impact factor 2.488
5 year journal impact factor 2.202
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 74.308
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