Metabolomic response of osteosarcoma cells to nanographene oxide-mediated hyperthermia
authors Cicuendez, M; Flores, J; Oliveira, H; Portoles, MT; Vallet-Regi, M; Vila, M; Duarte, IF
nationality International
journal MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING C-MATERIALS FOR BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS
author keywords Pegylated nanographene oxide (nGO) sheets; Hyperthermia; Cancer; Saos-2 osteoblasts; HRMAS H-1 NMR; Metabolomics; Cell metabolism
keywords REDUCED GRAPHENE OXIDE; IN-VITRO; PHOTOTHERMAL ABLATION; PEGYLATED GRAPHENE; CANCER-THERAPY; LINE SAOS-2; NANOPARTICLES; PROFILE; NMR; BIOCOMPATIBILITY
abstract Nanographene oxide (nGO)-mediated hyperthermia has been increasingly investigated as a localized, minimally invasive anticancer therapeutic approach. Near InfraRed (NIR) light irradiation for inducing hyperthermia is particularly attractive, because biological systems mostly lack chromophores that absorb in this spectral window, facilitating the selective heating and destruction of cells which have internalized the NIR absorbing-nanomaterials. However, little is known about biological effects accompanying nGO-mediated hyperthermia at cellular and molecular levels. In this work, well-characterized pegylated nGO sheets with a hydrodynamic size of 300 nm were incubated with human Saos-2 osteosarcoma cells for 24 h and their internalization verified by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. No effect on cell viability was observed after nGO uptake by Saos-2 cells. However, a proliferation delay was observed due to the presence of nGO sheets in the cytoplasm. H-1 NMR metabolomics was employed to screen for changes in the metabolic profile of cells, as this could help to improve understanding of cellular responses to nanomaterials and provide new endpoint markers of effect. Cells internalizing nGO sheets showed noticeable changes in several metabolites compared to control cells, including decreased levels of several amino acids, taurine and creatine and increased levels of phosphocholine and uridine/adenosine nucleotides. After NIR irradiation, cells showed decreases in glutamate and uridine nucleotides, together with increases in glycerophosphocholine and adenosine monophosphate. Overall, this study has shown that the cellular metabolome sensitively responded to nGO exposure and nGO-mediated hyperthermia and that NMR metabolomics is a powerful tool to investigate treatment responses.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0928-4931
year published 2018
volume 91
beginning page 340
ending page 348
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.msec.2018.05.057
web of science category Materials Science, Biomaterials
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000442192000035
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journal impact factor 5.080
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