Full elucidation of the transmembrane anion transport mechanism of squaramides using in silico investigations
authors Marques, I; Costa, PMR; Miranda, MQ; Busschaert, N; Howe, ENW; Clarke, HJ; Haynes, CJE; Kirby, IL; Rodilla, AM; Perez-Tomas, R; Gale, PA; Felix, V
nationality International
journal PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS
keywords MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS; RECEPTOR CHEMISTRY HIGHLIGHTS; PI SLIDES; MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY; TAMBJAMINE-ANALOGS; CHLORIDE TRANSPORT; LIPID-BILAYERS; FORCE-FIELD; BIS-UREAS; RECOGNITION
abstract A comprehensive experimental and theoretical investigation of the transmembrane chloride transport promoted by four series of squaramide derivatives, with different degrees of fluorination, number of convergent N-H binding units and conformational shapes, is reported. The experimental chloride binding and transport abilities of these small synthetic molecules in liposomes were rationalised with quantum descriptors and molecular dynamics simulations in POPC bilayers. The tripodal tren-based compounds, with three squaramide binding motifs, have high chloride affinity, isolating the anion from water molecules within the membrane model and preventing its release to the aqueous phase, in agreement with the absence of experimental transport activity. In contrast, the symmetrical mono-squaramides, with moderate chloride binding affinity, are able to bind and release chloride either in the aqueous phase or at the membrane interface level, in line with experimentally observed high transport activity. The PMF profiles associated with the diffusion of these free transporters and their chloride complexes across phospholipid bilayers show that the assisted chloride translocation is thermodynamically favoured.
publisher ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
issn 1463-9076
year published 2018
volume 20
issue 32
beginning page 20796
ending page 20811
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1039/c8cp02576b
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
subject category Chemistry; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000447367900006

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